What are the effects of brain injury?

The effects of brain injury can be wide-ranging, as can their impact.  Each person's injury is unique and the exact impact will depend on factors such as which part of the brain is injured and how badly.

Brain injury effects can be divided into:

Cognitive Effects

The cognitive effects of a brain injury affect how a person thinks, learns and remembers. Different parts of the brain control these functions, so a head injury can damage all or just some of our skills such as memory, understanding, concentration, problem solving and use of language.  Watch our video of a neurorsurgeon explaining cognitive functions that can be affected.

Coma and Reduced Awareness

A common immediate effect of brain injury is loss of consciousness, be it for few seconds or much longer.  This can also range from a coma to a vegetative state.


Communication problems after a brain injury are very common.  Our ability to communicate is extremely complex and involves many different parts of the brain, which can be easily disrupted.

Emotional and Behavioural

Anyone with a head injury may suffer some emotional and behavioural changes.  These are far more difficult to see than more obvious problems like those which affect movement and speech.  However, they can be the most difficult to live with for the individual concerned and their family.

Executive Dysfunction

Executive dysfunction covers a range of cognitive, emotional and behavioural difficulties that can be experienced after injury to the brain’s frontal lobes.  This has a profound effect on many aspects of everyday life.  A neurosurgeon explains more about frontal lobe injury in our video.

Hormonal imbalances and pituitary dysfunction

Brain injury may occasionally damage the hypothalamus or pituitary gland, which can cause hormonal imbalances.

Physical effects

Whilst many people recover physically from a brain injury with few, if any, outward signs of an injury, there are often residual physical problems present that are not readily apparent which still impact on daily life.

Post-traumatic amnesia

Post-traumatic amnesia or PTA, is the time after a period of being unconscious when the injured person is awake, but behaving or talking in an uncharacteristic manner.

Head Injury UK: Brain Injury Claim Experts

Our specialist brain injury claim solicitors understand the effects of different brain injury, as well as being experts in the legal process of arranging appropriate rehabilitation and claiming compensation.  Watch our Head Injury UK channel to hear a number of experts explaining a range of issues around brain injury and making a claim.  If you or a family member has been affected by brain injury caused by someone else, please contact Ian Shovlin us on 0800 073 0988.



What our clients say

We know that we have been extremely fortunate to have had such a consummate PI lawyer in Andy acting on our behalf but we have also been blessed by having had his support, trust, friendship and loyalty throughout. We cannot ever thank him enough.

The compensation Nicola has received has helped her move from a tiny council flat into a massive bungalow which has been specifically adapted. It has enabled her to have a better life.

If it was not for the help of my solicitor I don't know where I would have been today. He provided a great deal of emotional support and secured compensation at various stages from the insurance company to fund my treatment and allow me to live. He was there from start to finish.

Higgs & Sons acted for us for 5 years until our daughters claim for personal injuries was finally settled. Ian remains a trustee of our daughters trust fund and we now look upon him as a friend.